EURASIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (EJAE) 2022-05-07T02:37:36+03:00 Prof. Dr. Handan GİRAY Open Journal Systems <p>EURASIAN JOURNAL OF&nbsp; AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (EJAE) is an international refereed journal. EJAE is a peer-reviewed scientific publication in which agricultural production economy, agricultural management and planning, agricultural marketing, agricultural policies, international agricultural trade, agricultural extension, and rural development are accepted. In this context, the Journal is open to articles from the fields of economics, business administration, public administration, and econometrics, especially agricultural economists.</p> <p>EJAE is published twice a year, in April and October.</p> Analysis of Potatoes Growing Decisions with the Analytic Hierarchy Process Method in Burundi 2022-05-02T21:39:08+03:00 Thierry KERINGINGO <p>Potatoes croping are paramount in Burundi and almost all the provinces of the country grow potatoes. However, there are several varieties of potatoes grown in Burundi. Farmers are facing with the difficulties of deciding which right variety of potatoes to grow. This work was carried out for helping farmers to make the right choice of the variety to grow. An Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method has been used. The Ndinamagara, Ingabire and Victoria potatoes varieties were the different decisions alternatives. The Prices of seeds, Yield, Marketing, Cost of producing and Sustainability were the mains criteria that were taken as the accountment for taking the decision process. In this work, it was a question of developing a multi-criteria decision-making process and determining the appropriate potatoes production system with the AHP method. The results shown that each criteria had it own highly preferred variety. According to the seed price criterion, the Victoria variety was found to be more important than the others. The Victoria potatoes had a priority weight of 66.4%. Since the coherence ratio was less than 0.10, the matrix was seen as coherent. For the yield criterion, the Ndinamagara variety has a weight of 50.1% and the consistency ratio was less than 0.10. According to the marketing criteria, the Ndinamagara variety still had a weight of 60.7% of points and the consistency ratio was also less than 0.10 and the matrix was also consistent. For the production cost criterion, the Victoria variety has a weight of 70.2%. For the sustainability criterion, the Ndinamagara variety has been found to be more important and had a weight of 0.776 points and the consistency ratio was 0.10. In concluding, for the final decision, the Victoria variety was determined to have a greater weight (48.6%) than the Ndinamagara variety (31.8%) and the Ingabire variety represented as the last with a rate of 19, 6%. Considering the results of this work, the suitable potatoes variety was decided as Victoria variety.</p> 2022-05-02T20:24:21+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 EURASIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (EJAE) Analysis of Milk Production and Trade in Iraq 2022-05-07T02:37:36+03:00 Eftekhar Ali Ali Hakim Cuma Akbay <p>Dairy farming plays an important role in rural economies, not only creating new jobs for rural landless and marginal farm laborers, but also contributing to the national economy. This sector also contributes to rural poverty reduction and inequity, while providing nutritional assistance to thousands of rural households. The production and trade of milk and dairy products have been increasing throughout the world due to their importance to human health and nutrition. The aim of this research is to analyze the production and trade of Iraqi milk and dairy products. For this purpose, the FAOSTAT dataset was used. World milk production was 886.86 million tons in 2020, and it is expected to increase by 2025. The most significant milk producers are India (21.74%) and the United States of America (11.42%), followed by Pakistan, China, Brazil and Germany. According to FAO data, the total number of dairy animals in Iraq increased by 16.2% in 2020 (12.4 million heads) compared to 2010 (10.4 million heads). Iraq's dairy market is heavily reliant on imports, as the country's domestic manufacturers can only meet less than 10% of domestic demand. However, the country is also among the top ten milk importers in the Middle East. The countries from which Iraq imports milk and dairy products have changed over the years due to political problems. For example, while the rate of milk imports from Turkey varies between 7% and 20%, it is between 0% and 85% for Kuwait.</p> 2022-05-02T20:25:59+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 EURASIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (EJAE) ÇİN HALK CUMHURİYETİNDE TARIMSAL ÜRETİMİN GELİŞİMİ 2022-05-02T21:39:09+03:00 Mithat Direk <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt;">Ülkelerin ve toplumların kalkınmasında mühim rol oynayan tarım sektörünün önemi, küreselleşen ekonomik sistem, artan rekabet ortamları ve hızla değişen pazar şartlarının da etkisiyle giderek artmaktadır</span><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; color: #c00000;">. Çin Halk Cumhuriyeti, sahip olduğu nüfusu, doğal kaynaklar ve nüfusun belenmesinde grçekleştirilen tarımsal üretim büyüklüğü ile Dünyada lider konumdadır. </span><span style="font-size: 11.0pt;">Bu çalışmada Çin Halk Cumhuriyeti’nin tarımsal üretimindeki gelişimlerle ilgili bilgilere yer verilmiş, elde edilen sonuçlar ışığında tarımsal üretimin ve ekonomik büyümenin sürdürülebilir şekilde devam etmesi için öneriler sunulmuştur. Çalışmada Çin Halk Cumhuriyeti Devlet İstatistik Kurumundan elde edilen ikincil veriler kullanılmıştır.</span></p> 2022-05-02T20:26:43+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 EURASIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (EJAE) AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURE IN SOMALIA 2022-05-02T21:39:09+03:00 Abdirizak ALI ABDULLAHI Hasan ARISOY <p>Agriculture is an indispensable sector of Somalia due to the survival of the country's population, its contribution to national income and employment, providing raw materials and capital to other sectors, its direct and indirect impact on exports, imports, and also its contribution to biological diversity and ecological balance. This literature evaluated The Agricultural Structure in Somalian. Farmers in Somalia faced many challenges that affected their livelihoods, such as drought, lack of agricultural extension service and farmer knowledge, lack of quality seeds, and lack of appropriate irrigation systems. The main material of the literature was obtained from secondary data sources, the researchers also collected information from the literature and were carried out using all kinds of printed research, statistics, books, and journals related to Agricultural structure in Somalia. The finding of the literature reveals that farmers are not producing enough products for the country due to the continuation of their traditional practices as they cannot find adequate technical and support services from the government and other institutions. Also, the finding of the literature reveals that there are challenges and constraints that have a bad effect on whole the production for a long time. Since then, several types of research have been conducted in various different countries—focusing on challenges facing crop production. For this reason, agricultural production is low. If these issues and challenges are not met in their true perspective, Somalia's economy in general and the rural economy, in particular, cannot sustain itself.</p> 2022-05-02T20:22:22+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 EURASIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (EJAE)