Green Information and Communication Technologies Strategies for Sustainable Agriculture
Green information and communication technologies (ICT) have the potential to revolutionize sustainable agriculture by minimizing environmental impact, reducing resource use, and enhancing productivity. This study examines the role of various green ICT strategies, including precision agriculture, smart irrigation systems, renewable energy technologies, livestock management, agroforestry, and blockchain traceability, in promoting sustainability in agriculture. The adoption of green ICT in agriculture presents both challenges and opportunities. Issues such as the digital divide, knowledge gaps, and policy frameworks must be addressed to realize the full potential of green ICT strategies. However, by leveraging the benefits of these technologies, such as reduced greenhouse gas emissions, water conservation, and enhanced food security, sustainable and resilient food systems can be achieved. Case studies from different regions and contexts provide a systematic analysis of the impacts of green ICT on sustainable agriculture. The findings suggest that the adoption of green ICT strategies can offer significant benefits for sustainable agriculture. However, a comprehensive approach that considers sustainability's social, economic, and environmental dimensions is necessary to realize these benefits fully. Policymakers, researchers, and practitioners can use these insights to promote the adoption of green ICT strategies in agriculture. By developing supportive policy and institutional frameworks and providing technical support and training, green ICT can be more widely adopted in agriculture to enhance sustainability and resilience in the sector.